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Adolf Hitler was born at the Gasthof zum Pommer in Braunau, am Inn, Austria-Hungary on April 20, 1889. As a child he wanted to go to art school as a painter. However, when he did not get in, went to military school. After the war, Adolf Hitler became the leader of the Nazi Party and eventually became the dictator of Germany. Hitler preached his ideas of nationalism, socialism, and and antisemitism mostly through propaganda and large public appearances. He was a chancellor a for 12 years before becoming Germany's dictator. Hitler's goal was to make all of Europe Nazi Germany. He also wanted to create the Aryan race. In alliance with Japan and Italy, they declared war on the rest of Europe and parts of Africa and Southeast Asia. After the war had almost ended, and he new he was going to lose, Hilter committed suicide and died on April 30, 1945.






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Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who explored for Spain and who attempted to sail to India for spice trade by crossing the Atlantic Ocean. However, he ended up arriving in the Caribbean Islands. His entire round trip voyage took a total of about half a year. The voyage started in August of 1492 and ended in March of 1493. They land on an island they called, Guanahani, but Columbus later renamed it San Salvador. While looking for gold, Columbus explored other places such as Cuba, the island of Hispaniola, and other small islands. When he go there, he captured the Taino Indians and later sold them into slavery. During the second trip they discovered the island of Dominica. On the next trip he sailed further south to Trinidad and Venezuela. On his last expedition in 1502, Columbus reached Mexico, Jamaica, and parts of Central America.






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Pieter Bruegel the Elder - Hunters in the Snow



Hunters in the Snow by Pieter Bruegel the Elder dates back to 1565. It shows a snow filled landscape with people skating, a frozen mill, mountains in the background, houses, and hunters with their dogs. The picture is heavily detailed and very shows realism. If you look closely at the sky, chiaroscuro can be seen to further make this painting as vivid as possible. Furthermore, a great amount of perspective can be seen in Bruegel's painting demonstrated by his hills and mountains in the background and his change in elevation from the hunters to the skaters. This painting has an emphasis on individualism, since it is of hunters and a town instead of religion. If you closely look at any of the parts of the painting, even the snow, sfumato is present.

Humanism had an impact on Bruegel's painting. The most important is expressed by the hunters. They are a representation of a humanist. They are hunters, seekers, exactly like the humanists who hunt and seek knowledge. The people around them are the rest of the people, mindlessly doing their jobs, not even wondering what else they can achieve. Also, this painting is not about anything holy, which shows that humanism has caused artists to paint and sculpt ideas in the world besides religion.