Francisco Franco was a general, and the dictator of Spain in 1939. He came to power by starting the Spanish Revolution. Also he attempted to demonstrated and promoted the Spanish language. Francisco's political actions and philosophies were like a dictator. He declined an opportunity to join with Hitler and the Nazis. He was not very popular among his public because he treated them and his military very harshly. He accomplished victory in the Spanish civil war which was from 1936-1939. Towards the end of his power in Spain, he acted antonymous to how he acted early in his rule. He became more loose with his policies, and he was less strict with his oublic. One of his more significant actions was when he invaded Spain from their base in North Africa. He seized power from the government. Russia was the only European Power that respected Franco's government.


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Ferdinand Magellan
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Ferdinand Megeallan was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in 1480 in northern Portugal. When Megellan was 10 years-old his parents died, and at the age of twelve he was appointed a royal messenger. His first time at sea was at the age of 25 he sailed with the top admiral of Portugal. Megaellan became a sailor as a proffesion. In 1519 Megaellan set sail with a fleet of 5 ships. He wanted to find a route through the Americas to get to spice islands. His fleet sailed down the coast of South America and finally found a strait that was named the strait of Megeallan. The reached the Pacific Ocean, that was named by Ferdinand Megaellan. They sailed across the Pacific. Megaellan was killed in a battle with Phillapinos. Only one of the five ships he set sail with made it back to Portugal.





Leonardo da Vinci - The Holy Infants Embracing
external image 250px-Holy-infs.jpgThe Holy Infants Embracing is one of many works that is ascribed to the brilliant renaissance man Leonardo da Vinci.The work is thought to portray and infant Christ embracing his cousin John the Baptist. For nearly 100 years the painting had been "lost." It hopped from one owner to another for rather low prices. The knowledge that it was a work of Leonardo da Vinci was lost until in late 1979, after it was viewed by sevral experts it was identified as a da Vinci original. It was then placed in a formal art gallery where it still is today.
Humanism was a European intellectual movement that was a crucial component of the renasiance, beginning in florence in the latter half of the 14th century. The humanist movement developed from the rediscovery by European scholars of Latin literary and Greek. literary texts. Initially, a humanist was simply a scholar or teacher of Latin literature. By the mid-15th century humanism described a curriculum comprising grammar, rhetoric, moral philosophy, poetry, and history as studied via Latin and Greek literary authors.