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Adolf Hitler- He was a leader in Germany.
Hitler gained power when Germany was struck by the Great Depression after a stay in jail he joined with the 1919 and soon was the leader by 1921. At this time Germany was politically unstable. While defending two officers of the Reichswehr group in court Hitler acquired much attention and favor from many people. Hitler focused hard on appealing to farmers, war veterans, and the middle class. These three groups had been hit hardest by the Great Depression. Hitler had gained enough recognition and power and was going to run against President Paul von Hindenburg in the presidential elections, but he was not a German citizen although had left Austria previously so he couldn't run for president. He was appointed a minor administrative post in the Nazi party. He soon gained his citizenship and decided to run for president. He lost to Hindenburg though, but he was again recognized as a noble competitor. Hitler was later appointed to Chancellor of coalition government. With Hitler in power he kept the Nazis in parliament and other groups out. The president died and Hitler assumed the role as head of state and supreme commander of armed forces. He had soon appointed many Nazis in power and controlled armed forces, by now no opposition could stop him and he was the unofficial leader of Germany.
Hitler's political views were strong founded by a strong hate towards communism, Jews, Marxists, and he was anti democratic. He believed these groups and things would undermine Germany's success and society. Hitler also was believed in antifeminism. He didn't like weak social and familiar order, homosexuals, underage sexual conduct, drinking and smoking, and anti intellectualism. He believed that a strong military and eradication of all inferior things could lead to a perfect, almost utopian society.
In 1921 he gained country of the Nazi party, a political group in Germany that hated most miniroties. In 1933 he began anti-Jewish laws and began diverting all the countries money towards killing minorities all around Europe. He tried to invade Poland in 1939 and that started World War II when the United Kingdom and France declared war. He successfully invaded Denmark, Norway, and much of Western Europe, the axis power had controlled now most of Europe. After a failure in Berlin he was forced to try and invade the Soviet Union. Those who were Jewish or considered inferior were rounded up and killed. He then waged war on the United States. The Eastern front was where Germany encountered the most difficulties. Eventually with the Soviets closing in and money low Hitler killed himself on April 30th, 1945. There is still mystery surrounding Hitler's true death though.
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  • Vasco de Gama
  • The famous Portuguese explorer, Vasco de Gama was born in 1460 at Sines. After Bartolomeu Dias discovered the Cape of Good Hope, Portugal put de Gama in command of a fleet of ships to round this cape to get to India by way of water. This was very important because now the Portuguese could be participants in the very rich, yet heavily heated battle in the spice trade in India with the Muslim Turks. On July 8, 1497 four ships left out of Lisbon on the expedition, with de Gama as their commander. The ships were named Sao Rafael, the Barreio, the storeship, and Sao Grabiel, which was the ship that de Gama sailed on. Around November 7th, 1497 the ships had reached the Cape of Good Hope, and fifteen days later on November 22nd became the first Portuguese sailors to round it. After a brief stop in Mozambique, where they resupplied, they made their voyage across the Indian Ocean with the help of an Indian pilot Ibn Majid. On May 20th, 1498 he had reached Calicut, where they were welcomed by the ruler, Zamorin and made a few more brief stops along the Indian Ocean obtaining various amounts of large quantities of spices. The return across the Indian Ocean had a few mishaps and the Sao Rafael was destroyed because the crew was to small to man the ship. The remaining ships disbanded due to rough weather, but on September 9th, 1499, De Gama arrived at Lisbon.
  • Vasco de Gama was embraced as hero. His voyage and find of the various spices, sparked the many more Portuguese trade, including one immediately after manned by Pedro Alvares Cabral. Cabral and his men were attacked and killed, so Portugal sent de Gama back. He was named admiral and with 20 ships he arrived in India, and came back with even more spices on October 1503. Vasco de Gama was a brave and courageous voyager who helped engage the Portuguese the rich and rewarding trade. WIthout de Gama much of Portugal's power would not have happened. Vasco de Gama died in Cochin in December 24th, 1524, but he left behind a legacy and much more room for exploration and expansion
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external image the-triumph-of-galatea-1511-raphael.jpgRaphael - Galatea
Analyze painting
Influence of humanism
The Galatea was painted by Raphael Sanzio an italian painter, the latest of three very influential artists in the Renaissance. The Galatea also known as the Triumph of Galatea which was painted in 1512. He was influenced to paint this from the not finished works of the " Stanze per la giostra" written by Angelo Poliziano . Nereid Galletia the person in the middle of the painting is symbolizing beauty while surrounded by mythical sea and land creatures. It is a fresco and Raphael used a style of chiaroscuro to contrast from light and dark and brings life to the painting. Also, all of the arrows point to Galletia's head showing that she is the focal point of the picture. It also shows some classicm in the fact that some of the mythical creatures aren't clothed and it is showing the beauty of the human form. The paintings use of perspective is shown through the bottom of the water going up to form into the skies.
Humanism plays has a very large influence on the painting. Galatea was a woman that is refernced to many stories in Greek mythology. This is considered humanism because of the study and revival of Greek ideas. Galatea is taken from a the works of Angelo Palionzo, who studied the story of the Greek nymph goddess Galatea . So the painting is indirectly based off the stories and studies of the Greek. Also, religion or death isn't the focus of the Galatea, despite the angel's and the arrows pointed at her they aren't meant to kill, but to loveand the battle raging on in the foreground and background. It is her beauty that is the focus